Mark Wallinger is best known for his sculpture for the empty fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, Ecce Homo (1999), and State Britain (2007), a recreation at Tate Britain of Brian Haw's protest display outside parliament. He won the Turner Prize in 2007.
Wallinger's early work was predominantly paintings, noted for their social commentary, often focusing on class, royalty and nationalism. By the 1990s he was beginning to use a wider range of techniques, which have continued in his work since.
Ecce Homo was the first work to occupy the empty plinth in Trafalgar Square. The work is a life-sized statue of a Christ figure, naked apart from a loin cloth, with his hands bound behind his back. It was later shown at the Venice Biennale in 2001, where Wallinger was Britain's representative.
In 2007 he won the Turner Prize for State Britain. Installed inside the Duveen Hall of Tate Britain, it is a meticulous recreation of a 40 metre display which had originally been situated around peace campaigner Brian Haw's protest outside the Houses of Parliament against policies towards Iraq.
In 2011 he was one of three artists who collaborated with the Royal Ballet and the National Gallery to create a piece based on works by Titian.
In 2013 he created a set of 270 enamel plaques of labyrinth designs, one for every London tube station, to mark the 150th anniversary of the London Underground.